The design of the Atlanticwall was initially focussed on key strategic locations such as harbors and tidal inlets. The Germans considered The Hague as a potentially interesting target for a surprise attack or for an invasion. Therefore Hague got the second highest status. The bunkers, which were mainly built in the territory of The Hague and Wassenaar territory, were called "Stützpunktgruppe Scheveningen". The Stützpunktgruppe Schevenin-gen consisted of 2 parts: the Stützpunktgruppe Scheveningen and the Stützpunkt Clingendael. Both areas adjoined to each other. The mutual boun-dary ran from the Wittebrug (Raamweg) over the Kwekerijvaart to the Van Alkemadelaan and then through the military trainingground to the Haupt-kampflinie (tankwall). Also among the many loose objects along the Hauptkampflinie and within the supportarea, there were a number of complexes in both parts of the Stützpunktgruppe.
According to a map of the SS of August 24, 1944 there were in the final stage in the Stützpunktgruppe Scheveningen along with the Hauptkampflinie at the the coastal side 8 Stützpunkte and 3 Widerstandsnester. These were namely Stp XXXX ML (Marine Seeziel-Batterie Scheveningen Nord), Stp XXXXI H (Zwarte Pad), Stp XXXXII MH (Strand - Strandweg -zeewering), Stp XXXXIII H (Scheveningen Haven), Stp XXXXIIIa H and Stp XXXXIIIb H (Radio Scheveningen), Stp XXXIIIc H (Batterie Westduinen Flak), Stp XXXXIV M (Marine Seeziel-Batterie Westduin), Wn66 HM, Wn67 HL and Wn68 H.
The coastal marine batteries Scheveningen Nord and Westduin were the most important Stützpunkte. An anti-aircraft battery was located at the Stp XXXXIIIc H. Two radarcomplexes were located at the Westduinen for great distance searching to Allied sea targets and air targets and an European command center of the German navy was established at the Van Stolkpark near the Waterpartij. An artillery battery was located at the military trai-ningground along the Van Alkemadelaan. The other bunkers had mainly a defensetask on land. The Stützpunkt Clingendael was the residence and the command center of the Reichskommisar in park Clingendael and 3 Widerstandsnester with supportfunctions were the most important complexes.
Everywhere within and along the Stützpunkt and along the Hauptkampflinie were bunkers. The strength of these bunkers ranged from simple structures with thin walls and a 22 inch
thin concrete roof to bunkers with complicated roofs and walls of 3,5 meters thick, rein-forced concrete. Most bunkers were standardized to build it quickly and economically. In main
groups subdivided there were weaponbunkers (such as gun casemates), residential shelters, ammunition storebunkers, various commandposts, transmissionposts (including radarposts), bunkers with a support function (such as hospitals, water and food storage) but also observation- and fire controlposts.
From May 6, 1943, the SS Oberführer Erwin Tzschoppe was the Kommandeur des Vertei-digungstabes Scheveningen and was stationed with his staff at the Nieuwe Parklaan 81.
In case of actual fighting, he could retreat to the commandbunker at the Badhuisweg.
From February 1941 the 82 Infantry Division was stationed in Scheveningen and was replaced again in april 1942 by the 167 Infantry Division. This division was sent to the front in Russia in February 1943 and replaced by a division consisting of initial ground personnel of the German Luftwaffe. This was the 16 Luftwaffe Feld Division of which around 1,000 men were stationed at the Stützpunktgruppe Scheveningen and Stützpunkt Clingen-dael. The last complete infantry division from the coastal protection was withdrawn from September 3, 1944 and with the result of a minimally occu-pation at the coast. On paper a total of 3348 soldiers were involved at the defense of the Stützpunktgruppe. Beside the deployment of troops at the coastal marine batteries, artillery and infantry other German military and semi-military personnel were also assigned to a defense task at a Wider-standsnest.
The links below will take you to the site where the bunkers of the Stützpunktgruppe Scheveningen, the Stützpunkt Clingendael and some other com-plexes are described. You can visit this on 2 different ways, namely by a textual summary of all complexes or by a map with all complexes.